There are a number of causes of erectile dysfunction (also known as ED). In older men, it is usually due to a physical cause, such as:
- Side effects of drugs.
Any disorder that causes injury to the nerves or impairs blood flow in the penis has the potential to cause erectile dysfunction.
The incidence of erectile dysfunction increases with age. About 5 percent of 40-year-old men and between 15 percent and 25 percent of 65-year-old men experience erectile dysfunction. However, it is not an inevitable part of aging.
Erectile dysfunction is treatable at any age, and awareness of this fact has been growing. More men have been seeking treatment and returning to normal sexual activity because of improved, successful treatments for erectile dysfunction.
Some treatment options include:
- Lifestyle changes (such as losing excess weight, quitting smoking, and exercising more)
- Medications (such as Viagra®, Levitra®, and Cialis®)
- Vacuum devices
- Implanted devices.
In rare cases, surgery involving veins or arteries may be considered for erectile dysfunction treatment. The amount of research being done on drugs for erectile dysfunction treatment is expanding rapidly. Patients should ask their doctor about the latest advances.